Search terms for more accurate results

If you’re using search to find data, including metadata or operators in your search queries will help you narrow down the results you get. In the article below you’ll be given a few examples of how to do so.

Using Metadata

All the series in the application include a variety of metadata that you can add to your search queries for better results.

Metadata categories you can try adding, include but are not limited to:

  • region
  • frequency
  • unit
  • economic or financial categories and sub-categories
  • source
  • methodology

Example 1

Search using the following metadata:

  • countryFrance
  • economic subcategoryGDP
  • sourceINSEE
  • price typeConstant
  • information on seasonal adjustmentSA

For a list of commonly used abbreviations that can be used in searches, have a look at this link:

Using Operators

There are two operators or characters that are useful when searching for specific results:

  • - (minus) to exclude a certain term
  • | (pipe) to indicate that results should include either one OR another term

Example 2

Add the “-“ sign before the keyword, without a space, to exclude results that include particular words
e.g. USA Debt Forecast -ECFIN -IMF
This query will return forecasts series for the US with the word “Debt”, excluding two sources: ECFIN and IMF


Example 3

Add “|” between the relevant keywords, without spaces, to get results for Germany OR France.
e.g. Germany|France Gross Debt GDP IMF
This query will return time series from IMF for France or Germany with the words “Gross” “Debt” and “GDP”